King Arthur Pages
Marriage to Guinevere
The Saxon Invasion of
the first Germanic military force arrived in
When the government failed in their agreement to supply them, thesetroops revolted. This revolt touched a significant part of the country. Then, the first settlers invited their relatives from overseas to join them. At the beginning of the sixth century, the Germanic peoples rapid spread through the country was checked for a time by the British, but by the mid sixth century they started to expand again. By the time of Augustine's arrival, they controlled much of the lowlands and were expanding to the north and west.
peoples used the name "Saxon" generically to describe all of the Germanic
people with whom they came into conflict. While this likely indicates a heavy
proportion of Saxons in the early raids and settlement, many other tribes were
Gildas writng in 540 CE
described the breakdown of order after the withdrawal of Roman forces. Scots
and Picts on the former frontier raided in
The British leader Vortigern whom Gildas called a "proud tyrant", arranged for a Saxon warband under Hengest and Horsa to settle in the country as federates for protection against the Scots and Picts.
Nennius writing in 800 CE implies that the
government officials who hired the Saxons not only feared the Scots and Picts, but also the Romans in
When hard times
came and the government was not able to meet its obligations to the Saxons,
they revolted and ravaged the countryside. Under the leadership of Ambrosius Aurelianus, the British
eventually fought back and reached a stalemate after a battle at
Ambrosius' likely power base was Wiltshire where the place-name Amesbury suggests "stronghold of Ambrosius". At the time Gildas was writing in the 540s, he felt that this peace was threatened. The capture of Old Sarum by Wessex in 552 may have ended Gildas' period of peace.
evidence suggests a reverse migration of Germanic people out of
Gildas made no mention of the British hero Arthur. Since his battles are reputed to have taken place during this time, Gildas should not have ignored him if he had been as famous as indicated by Nennius and later Gregory of Monmouth.
The legends of Arthur appear to have developed out of late Welsh legends that suggest a British commander called Artorius won some repute against the Saxons
King Arthur &
The Round Table
Merlin & The Tree of Life
Merlin the Magician
Born circa 400 CE ; Welsh: Myrddin;
Latin: Merlinus; English: Merlin.
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